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As an important part of photovoltaic power station, solar support structures carries the main body of photovoltaic power generation. The selection of support directly affects the operation safety, damage rate and construction investment of photovoltaic modules. The selection of appropriate photovoltaic support can not only reduce the project cost, but also reduce the maintenance cost.


Solar panel structures types by materials:


Photovoltaic support bracket is generally divided into three types according to materials, including aluminum alloy support, steel support and concrete support. The photovoltaic supports of these three materials are quite different in terms of application,


First of all, aluminum alloy bracket used in civil building roof solar energy is better and more, but its bearing capacity is poor, so it can not be used in power plants.


Compared with the aluminum alloy bracket, the steel bracket is easy to install and has a beautiful appearance.


Finally, the concrete support is a large volume photovoltaic support, which is mostly used in large-scale photovoltaic power plants.

solar support structures design and types


Solar panel mounting bracket types by installation:


In addition, it can also be classified according to the installation mode of solar panel support frame system:


Flat roof - concrete foundation support for solar panel


The concrete foundation support of flat roof is the most commonly used installation form in flat roof power station at present. According to the form of foundation, it can be divided into strip foundation and independent foundation; the connection mode of support column and foundation can be connected by anchor bolt or directly embedded into concrete foundation.


Advantages: good wind resistance, strong reliability, no damage to the roof waterproof structure.

Disadvantages: it is necessary to make the concrete foundation and maintain it to sufficient strength before the subsequent support installation can be carried out, and the construction period is long.


Flat roof - concrete ballast support for solar panel


Advantages: the construction method of concrete ballast support is simple, and the bracket can be installed at the same time when the counterweight is made, which can save construction time.


Disadvantages: the wind resistance of concrete ballast support is relatively poor, and the local maximum wind force should be fully considered when designing the weight of counterweight.


Ground power station - concrete foundation support


There are many kinds of concrete foundation supports for ground power stations made by solar panel support structures manufacturers. According to the geological conditions of the project, the corresponding installation methods can be selected. The following mainly introduces the most common concrete foundation installation forms, such as cast-in-place reinforced concrete foundation, independent and strip concrete foundation, precast concrete hollow column foundation, etc.


Surface power station - metal pile support


Metal pile support is also widely used in surface power station, which can be divided into screw pole foundation support and impact pile foundation support.


1. Screw pole foundation support


The screw pole support can be divided into screw pole support with flange plate and screw pile support without Faraday disk according to whether it has flange; according to the shape of cotyledon, it can be divided into continuous screw pile support with narrow leaf and screw pole support with wide leaf interval. Screw pile with flange can be used for single column installation or double column installation, while screw pile without flange is generally only used for double column installation. The tensile pull-out property of wide leaf interval type screw pole support is better than that of narrow leaf continuous type screw pole support, and the wide leaf interval type screw pole support should be given priority in the area with strong wind.


2. Solar panel structure - metal fiber pole foundation support


Metal fiber pole foundation support mainly uses pile driver to drive C-shaped steel, H-shaped steel or other structural steel into the ground directly. This installation method is very simple, but its pull-out resistance is poor.


Advantages: for the metal pile foundation, the steel pile is driven into the soil by the pile driver, which is more environmentally friendly without excavation of the ground; it is not limited by the seasonal temperature, and can be implemented under various climatic conditions including northern winter; the construction is fast and convenient, the construction period is greatly shortened, and the migration and recovery are convenient; the height of the foundation is easy to adjust during the piling process.


Disadvantages: it is difficult to pile in hard soil area; it is easy to damage zinc coating when driving in areas with more gravel; the corrosion resistance is poor in saline alkali area.


3. Solar panel structure - Inclined roof fixed type


Considering that the bearing capacity of inclined roof is generally poor, most components on inclined roof are directly paved and installed, and the azimuth and inclination angle of components are generally consistent with that of roof. According to the different inclined roof, it can be divided into tile roof installation system and light steel roof installation system.